C D Kaluthota & S
Field Ornithology Group of
The IBA programme produces inventories of internationally recognized sites, which are vital for conservation of birds. These sites are identified using set of four standard global criteria. These criteria are designed to select representative areas of most important bird habitats, principally those that are under the most severe pressure. As birds are the best indicators for overall biological diversity, most IBAs will be significant for other animals and plants too. The reason for initiating a global IBA programme was obvious as throughout the world important sites for wildlife conservation are being destroyed, polluted or disturbed at an increasing pace. Habitat loss and modification is the single largest threat to biodiversity. Many threatened species are in fact threatened by the same factors at particular sites. Therefore, site-based conservation measures can conserve many species at the same time.
First task for the IBA programme was the identification of important birds for first three categories i.e. globally threatened species, restricted range species and biome restricted species. Ten species of globally threatened species are considered for the IBA programme since 14 of 24 globally threatened species recorded from